Maintaining Fire Doors and Fire Doorsets

Fire doors and fire doorsets regularly save lives in the event of a fire. Not only do they save lives but they also protect property from fire damage too. It is a regulation that in public buildings such as hospitals, schools, offices and various others that fire doors and fire doorsets are in place.

It is all well and good having one in place but if the door has not been regularly inspected and maintained then the life saving properties and features which it has may not perform how they should on the one and only occasion when you need it most  when there is a fire and you need those extra vital minutes of breathing time in order to escape!

Ideally in a building such as a hospital or school where the fire doors will be used on a daily basis it is important that the doors are checked at least once a week.

What do you check for when inspecting a fire door or fire doorset?

You should always check that there is nothing in place which is obstructing the door, this could be a foreign body or object which has simply got in the way and is preventing the door from closing or opening. If there is anything then you should remove it immediately so that the door can be opened fully or closed.

Next you should check the seals, intrumescent seals are put in place to effectively respond to certain high temperatures and thus to expand closing the gap and preventing smoke, fire and any fumes from entering. Ensure that the seals are properly fitted and that there is no damage to them, if there is then you should see to this instantly, it could save your life. You should check seals at intervals no greater than 6 months.

Mechanical items such as hinges, locks, latches, closer, floor springs and other ironmongery items will wear over time. You should replace these or lubricate these to ensure they work correctly. If door hardwear is worn then you should find products of the same specification as the original and replace.

Bespoke Complete Services have a door servicing service where these items can be attached for you.

For more information about fire doors and doorsets then please contact us on 01254 777142 or email usinfo@bcs-l.com.

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FD30 Fire Doors Dangerously Blocked

Following an investigation it was announced that three popular nightspots in the North East of England had locked, blocked or obstructed fire doors whilst hundreds of people were inside.

The investigation took place last Saturday and was carried out on 3 locations in the City centre and every single one breached more than one fire safety regulation.  Amongst the issues of the fire doors the bars were also found to be overcrowded and even had fire detection systems deactivated.

However, it has since been revealed that after some stern words all three have corrected their issues and thus no evacuation orders needed to be issued. Police have stated that breaches such as these, where a person may be prevented from evacuating a building will see licensees face the full force of the law.

Unfortunately if a fire had broken out then hundreds would be trapped inside. Fire doors are a legal requirement in places such as schools, hospitals, nightclubs, bars and many other public places.

The bespoke particleboard core fire doors are a market leader for 44mm FD30 & 54mm FD60 fire rated leaves. The core has passed the industry’s rigorous fire / mechanical & acoustic test standards and has been subjected to independent third party certification- the highest form of endorsement a product can achieve.

Fire Doors from Bespoke Complete Services are made up of a fire rated core (particleboard core, solid timber core) and finished with solid matching hardwood lippings with a face finish of choice. The face finish can be paint grade (primed or in-the-white), real wood veneer, with a choice of 6 standard stock veneers or alternatively over 300+ commercially available veneers, and Laminate.

We can offer an array of fire doors and fire doorsets, choices in respect of fire doors rating (FD30 up to FD120), finish (paint grade or veneer) variety of aperture shapes and sizes with a choice of glass type as appropriate for the application, including a variation in the bead type (flush or cloak).

For more information then please contact us on 01254 777142 or email info@bcs-l.com.

Fire Door Regulations and Requirements

Buildings are specifically designed in order to delay the spread of fire from one area into another. They are split into compartment or zones as they are sometimes known and it is these compartment or zones which are linked by doors in order to allow any people to travel around a building. It is these doors which link the compartments which have to be fire doors so that in the event of a fire they can do two things:

  • Closed  form a barrier in order to prevent the fire from spreading
  • Open  provide a means of escape for anyone in the building

Fire doors have to have intumescent strips installed on them in order to provide resistance to a fire  should one occur. It is often the excessive smoke which is present when a fire occurs which causes people trapped in a building to pass out and therefore burn as they cannot escape. In order to try and prevent the smoke from entering a zone these strips seal off the door so that smoke cannot creep through. The seals also minimize the overall susceptibility of the door edges so that there is no early damage caused and thus giving any people trapped in the building time to effectively escape to safety before smoke gets into their lungs.

The seals are cut into a groove in the door, as soon as the temperature exceeds a certain level, normally about ten minutes after a fire has started the seal swells and ultimately seals the gap. A soft material which is cellular in structure the intumescent seals are proven to save lives! All of our seals comply with British Standards, BS 476 Part 31.1 or Certifire approved smoke seals to TS21.

Bespoke Complete Services have a full range of FD30 and FD60 certified fire doors and fire doorsets. Our fire doors and fire doorsets have been through rigorous tests which take into account the complete door assemblies, the fire door and framework as well as all the fitted ironmongery. The fire doors are tested in a number of frames as no guarantee can be given of its capabilities under fire conditions. One face of the door is exposed to heat conditions which are as close as can be to those experienced in a real life fire. The same test is then applied to the other side of the door in order to ensure that both sides can cope with fire conditions. When the fire door is exposed to this heat the door is observed for stability and integrity.

  • Failed stability of a fire door occurs when the specimen collapses.
  • Failed integrity of a fire door occurs when cracks or other openings exist through which flames or hot gases can pass through. It also fails when flaming occurs on the unexposed fire door face.

All of our fire doorsets and fire doors at Bespoke Complete Services have been tested and approved by a fire testing centre, passed and thus certification has been approved. It is important to note that once certification has been approved all other fire doors and fire doorsets feature identification labels which will identify a manufacturer, date of manufacture and the design fire rating of the door time.

The British Woodworking Federation Certifire fire door scheme is a major organization which provides our fire ratings. Our FD30 and FD60 fire doors are their fire ratings which are stated in minutes prefixed by FD.

Commonly used specified integrity levels are:

  • FD30 30 minutes
  • FD60 60 minutes
  • FD90 90 minutes
  • FD120 120 minutes

British Standards documents which can be accessed and are relevant to timber fire doors,

BS476:-20: 1987 Fire tests on building materials and structures, methods for determination of the fire resistance of elements of construction.

BS 476  22: 1987 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Methods for determination of the fire resistance of non-loadbearing  elements of construction

BS 476:  23: 1987 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Methods for the determination of the contribution of components to the fire resistance of a structure

BS 476:  31.1: 1983 Fire tests on building materials and structures. Method of measuring smoke penetration through doorset and shutter assemblies  method of measurement under ambient temperature conditions.

BS 8214:2008 Code of practice for fire door assemblies

BS EN 1634-1:2008 Fire resistance and smoke control tests for door, shutter and, openable window assemblies and elements of building hardware. Fire resistance tests for doors, shutters and openable windows which is an alternative for BS 476  22: 1987

For more information concerning our fire doors and fire doorsets then please contact Bespoke Complete Services on 01254 777412 or email info@bcs-l.com.